China Allows Xi To Remain President Indefinitely

Hannah Rogers
March 13, 2018

China Daily said that any such suggestion showed an "ignorance of China's reality".

The leadership defended the move, with Xi telling a group of delegates from the southern province of Guangdong that the constitutional amendments reflected "the common will of the party and people".

Though the power grab has earned Xi comparisons to such leaders as Turkey's Recep Tayyip Erdogan and Russia's Vladimir Putin, his vision for China is singular - and will have an impact well beyond China's power. "But from America's perspective, this administration has been very clear of pushing back against the Chinese threat".

The proposed amendment would remove the only remaining legal impediment to PRC President and CPC Chairman Xi Jinping remaining in office beyond the end of his term in 2022, and seems to presage a return to one-man rule of the kind not seen in China since the heyday of Mao Zedong. This move reflects a similar revision of the CPC Constitution adopted at the CPC's 19 National Congress in October of a year ago (China Brief, November 10, 2017), and makes Xi Jinping only the third Chinese leader mentioned by name in the PRC Constitution-"Mao Zedong Thought" and "Deng Xiaoping Theory" are also similarly honored. The bill also included Xi's political ideology, which was included in the preamble, and it strengthens the role of the party.

Over the years, Xi has come to hold a vice-like of China.

"Throughout history, only Chinese emperors and Mao Zedong had lifelong tenure until their deaths", Li said. There were just two people against it, three abstentions and one invalid vote.

Critics accuse the Communist Party of "making a U-turn", returning China to the tumultuous Mao era and ignoring the lessons of history.

The amendment was among a set of 21 constitutional changes approved by the congress, further underscoring the total dominance of Chinese politics possessed by the 64-year-old Xi.

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A competent committee would comprise doctors, lawyers, social activists and the local administration of the hospital, Trehan said. Different counties have evolved different treatments of these factors when it comes to legality of passive euthanasia .

He dismissed the removal of term limits, for both president and vice-president, as a mere housekeeping item, aimed at "optimizing the leading structure of the country".

He Weifang, a law professor at Peking University, said that all the efforts to avoid life-long presidencies had been abolished. "Writing a living person's name into the constitution is not amending the constitution but destroying it". The community of common destiny is also tightly linked with the Belt and Road Initiative, Xi's premier worldwide initiative.

The party loyalists who attend the annual session of parliament have said the decision is popular with ordinary Chinese people and asserted that China was lucky to have a leader of President Xi's caliber.

A Chinese student at the University of Sydney said his peers had a range of views on the constitutional changes.

"That doesn't bode well for hard reforms ahead: Will the CCP be able to raise the retirement age?" Enact a property tax?

"You also have the situation that he already ended the de facto immunity of people who have served in the politburo standing committee, so nobody can be sure in retirement they are untouchable and the same applies to their families".

"If Xi is right, he will be more effective in getting his policies implemented", Tsang continued.

However, if the policies are not right for China, there's no much to be done. His predecessors - Jiang Zemin who was in power from 1993 to 2003 and Hu Jintao from 2003 to 2013 - stepped down as the General Secretary of the party as well as the president after widely followed rule as well as a convention of two terms to promote collective leadership system in the one-party state. It will be similar to what happened with Mao's Cultural Revolution, which was put in place from 1966 to 1976.

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